Flatulence is the medical name used for passing of gas from the digestive system and out from the back passage (anus). Mainly flatulence is known as "farting" or "passing wind".
Gas can gather in the digestive system in two different ways:
- At time of swallowing food, water, or saliva if a person also swallows a small quantity of air, which mainly consist oxygen and nitrogen,
- Second reason of gas collection is when a person digests food; some amount of gas is also released in the digestive process, mainly in the form of carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane.
The body needs to get rid of the build-up of excess gas in form of flatulence (farting). Flatulence is very normal and all people experience it. It is a very common biological procedure, just like breathing, or sweating in hot climate. Generally men will pass wind (farting) 20-25 times daily and women 10-15 times in a day. Lots of time you may not feel that you have passed wind since the gases that are passed are generally odorless and are normally released in very small quantities. The bad odour that is usually connected with flatulence is caused by trace of elements of sulphur gases that can build up if food has not been appropriately digested and start to decompose.
If someone has too much flatulence, than making changes to your diet and lifestyle can usually control the problem. Controlling normal flatulence is mostly a matter of inspecting what you eat and how you eat. Eating slowly and chewing food for longer permit the enzymes in saliva to smash the food before it go into the stomach and digestive tract.
There are lots of medical circumstances that can cause of flatulence, like constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) that is an ordinary, but badly understood, situation that causes signs of indigestion and bloating.