Neuritis is severe nervous disease. Neuritis refers to swelling of the nerves, relating a particular nerve or a chain of nerves. At one time, numerous different clusters of nerves in different divisions of the body may be involved. Actually Neuritis situation is not a swelling, but an alteration in the condition of the nerves resulting in weakness, failure of the response and changes of feeling. Neuritis particularly affects the nerves of a personís body, and this disorder can involve either one or many nerves.
Some main types of neuritis are:
When there are several nerves inflamed those are found all over the body or in different parts, in that case neuritis is known as polyneuritis or polyneuropathy.
Optic neuritis or retrobulbar neuritis
When the optic nerve is swollen then it is known as optic neuritis or retrobulbar neuritis. This disorder frequently harms a personís myelin sheath or injures the axons of the nerve that can then cause entire or fractional vision loss.
Peripheral neuropathy or peripheral neuritis
When someone has peripheral neuropathy or peripheral neuritis, this indicates that a nerve of the peripheral nervous system is suffering from some kind of damage.
The swelling that a sufferer experiences with this trouble can obstruct the standard function of the nerves and may cause other signs that can weaken the person.
There are lots of factors that can cause neuritis, including ailments and infections like diabetes, diphtheria, and viral or bacterial infections. Sometime it results because of situations and conditions like alcohol and drug exploitation and vitamin shortage, as well as shock and injury and specific combination of medications can also cause neuritis.
In neuritis the nerve or muscles, or region about the nerve will become aching and tender. Sometimes, the region affected will be moderately or fully become insensitive or paralyzed. If this situation is affecting only one nerve, it may be easier to separate out, while in polyneuritis, an complete hand or limb or other region may be affected and sense aching or even be paralyzed.