Menstruation (menses) is the monthly release of the interior coating of the uterus, in a woman. It begins at teenage years and ends when a female reaches middle or at end of forties. This ending of menses is called as menopause and it indicates the finish of the reproductive age of a female's life. In this stage, ovaries stop developing the hormones estrogen and progesterone and causing the reproductive system to gradually shut down. The phase is a usual part of aging and is experienced by each woman. The period distinct by the natural and permanent ending of menstruation is occurring typically between the ages of 45 and 55. Though, at this time, there are some disorders that come with menopausal phase.
In medical terms menopause is the nonexistence of menstruation continuously for 12 months. Menopause is also frequently occurs when a female’s uterus and ovaries are surgically removed. The stage in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently end; it is also known as "change of life."
At the stage of menopause, the complete sequence of endocrine glands is affected, mainly, the thyroid, gonads and pituitary glands. In some women, the menopausal phase ends without any painful symptoms, the only change actually being the end of menstrual flow. But in lots of women menopause ends with many disturbing symptoms like hot flushes, strain, night sweats, lack of sleep (insomnia), and reduced interest in sex, bad temper, depression, exhaustion, palpitations, giddiness, headaches, and numbness. These all painful and unpleasant symptoms are known as menopausal disorder.